One of the oldest geographical units of Bihar state in India, the region named Purnia also serves as an important administrative division besides being a district. The city of Purnia serves as division cum district’s administrative headquarters. Purnia Division consists of the districts that include Purnia District, Kishanganj District, Katihar district and Araria District as part of this division. This region is bounded by several rivers from Kasataya River on the eastern side to Mahananda in the west while rivers and Padma cover it from southern region. Northern side is once surrounded by hills where aboriginal hill tribes used to inhabit since centuries. Various localities like Rambagh, Line bazaar, form part of the region and is inhabited by people of all caste and creeds.
European settlement in Purnia can be traced back to 18th century when the region region saw the arrival of Europeans. The area where they had major settlements was famous as Rambagh whose name still exists in the district today. Ruins of Rambagh church and priests' house remind of past era. A Roman Catholic Church was built there after 1934 while worst earthquake damaged the ancient buildings.
Line Bazaar is known in Purnia city for housing many well-qualified specialist doctors and surgeons. It offers ample medical facilities to the masses of Purnia and good chunk of those residing in the adjoining areas of Araria, Katihar, Madhepura, Supaul, Dalkola and Kishanganj as well as nearby country Nepal.
Maa Kali Mandir
Purnea based Maa Kali Mandir is an attraction of sorts for the devotees. They keep flocking in the Maa Kali Mandir to worship every day. The key attractions are though during the Deepawali time while a special mela is organized to continue for a week to attract all and sundry.
Adampur is known in Purnia due to presence of famous Durga Devi Temple here. Good chunk of locals and teams from nearby Air Force Station keep coming here to worship during 6 day long Navratra festival.
Located at a distance of mere 14 kilometers from the District Headqaurters, Purnia city, famous Kamakya Mandir is sought after located for the devotees that keep flocking to worship here.
Being one of the oldest districts, Purnia exists as a district for more than 250 years now. Purnia Division ranged from Begusarai to Darjeeling during the British rule. Famous Ganga—Darjeeling road still reminds of its past glory which now connects Gulab Bagh – Line Bazar – Tatma Toli and Flower Mill existing since British period. Khazanchi Haat is an attraction of sorts to remind the past era.
Puran-Devi and Kali Bari Temple
The temples of Puran-Devi and Kali Bari are located at a distance of approximately 3 km from the main Purnia town today. A huge idol of Goddess Kali has been installed here. There is a famous saying that the name of this city was Purenea due to the wish of Goddess Puran Devi centuries ago.
Dhimeshwarnath Temple-Dhima, Banmankhi
Famous temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is located in Dhima village at a distance of 3 km from Banmankhi town of Purnia whose distance from the District headquarters is 34 km.
Historic tiny village of Baghnagar in nearby came into limelight decades ago due to Archeological Survey of India team finding many old coins and centuries old bricks found during recovery.
The site is known for being the battle ground between Shaukat Jang and Sirajuddaula in 1756. Baladiabari is a tiny village these days in Nawajganj in the southern part of Purnia district.
Once a house of a prominent Englishman was located here hence it became famous as BarharKothi. Today it also serves as block headquarters of Barhar Kothi Block.
Coming under the Kishanganj Subdivision, Barijangarh is a famous historical spot in Purnia Division. A ruined fort of past era still exists at this location located at a distance of 8 km from the nearby city of Bahadurganj. It is said that the brother of Raja of Benugarh, Benu namely Barijan had built it hence it was named after him.
Benugarh is famous due to the presence of ruined fort of Benu Raja which still has the ramparts there.
Bullock carts are still one of the major means of transportation in Purnia todayThis area is known for bullock carts wheel manufacturing in Purnia Division.
Ancient city of Forbesganj remains an important commercial place in Purnia Division. It is a famous trade center in the region with its strategic location of mere 12 kilometers from nearby city of Biratnagar from adjoining country, Nepal. Forbesganj has its value of being a national and international trade center in the region
Located at a distance of 21 kilometers from the District Headquarters of Purnia, the city of Jalalgarh is famous for its historic importance. A ruined fort of ancient period still exists here. Some historians claim that as first Raja of Khagra, Saiyad Muhammad Jalal-ud-din had built the fort it was named after him. As per other accounts it was built by Said Khan, the then Nawab of Purnia in 1722.
Located at a distance of 29 km from Purnia in the northwest region, Sarsi accommodates a huge temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and famous Idgah where Muslims pray in annual Eid congregation. It is said that during the British period Europeans used to stay in Sarsi Kothi whose ruins are still seen there.
The city of Thakurganj is an important trade and business center nearby Purnia. This city is said to have its name linked to the ancient period located nearby Nepal border.